Natural Science Manuscripts

Submission Location

Email all submissions to

Title Page

  • Titles should not contain more than 90 characters.

  • Full names of all authors should be listed.

  • Identify the primary institution of all authors.

  • Include the address, telephone, fax, and email information of the corresponding author.

  • Indicate funding source (if applicable).

  • Indicate corresponding author’s with an asterisk (*).

  • Corresponding author information should be indicated in a footnote that includes their name, institution, institution address, and email address.


  • Limited abstracts to 250 words.

  • Include a statement of purpose/hypothesis, methods, results, and a brief conclusion.

  • Write abstracts in paragraph form.


Provide 4-6 words that are not already included in the title.


  • Include an introduction section after the abstract with a new section heading.

  • Provide a clear hypothesis in the Introduction section.

  • Provide a brief rationale for the study that is based on and supports the hypothesis statement. References should be included.

  • Describe briefly the research and design methodology used where appropriate.



  • Describe the subject population, including controls (if any).

  • Indicate that the study has been approved by the appropriate institutional review committee and that written informed consent was obtained.

  • Briefly describe the methods (i.e., protocols and experimental techniques) and any equipment and/or apparatus that were used.

  • Provide the rationale behind each protocol.

  • Provide a description of the statistical analysis and the p values for which statistical significance was accepted.

  • Express data as the mean ± standard error.

  • Denote statistical significance when appropriate.

  • Provide references when appropriate.


  • Present data in the text, tables, and/or figures.

  • Data listed in the text should not be included in tables or figures.



  • The discussion section should not simply reiterate the results.

  • Emphasize the most interesting findings of the study early in the section.

  • Minimize repetition of data already listed in the results.

  • Discuss findings in the context of results of previous investigations (i.e., relevance to published observations).

  • Minimize speculation and focus on conclusions that are based on the data that were obtained during the study. 

  • It is recommended to conclude with an opinion on the relevance of the results in the context of the studies cited in the manuscript.

Limitations to the Study

Any limitations should be acknowledged in a separate subsection titled “Limitations to the Study.”


If applicable, acknowledge grants, funding support, conflicts of interest, and/or other acknowledgments of contributors to research.


  • References should be listed in alphabetical order and numbered.

  • All authors should be listed in each citation in the Reference section; (i.e., “et al.” should not appear in any reference).

  • Limit the number of references to 30.

  • All references must be included in the text and cited by number [e.g., (1,2,3)].

  • The designated format of references is that of the United States National Library of Medicine [Patria K. National Library of Medicine Recommended Formats for Bibliographic Citation. Bethesda (MD): The Library; 1991) and used in Index Medicus. Examples are:


Armstrong LE. Performance in extreme environments. 1st ed. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; 2000. p. 103-4.

Segal SS, Bearden SE. Organization and control of circulation in skeletal muscle. In: Tipton CM, Sawka MN, Tate CA, Terjung RL, editors. ACSM’s Advanced Exercise Physiology. Philadelphia: Lippincott, William & Wilkins; 2006. p. 343-56

Journal Article

Toskovic NN, Blessing D, Williford HN. Physiological profile of recreational male and female novice and experienced tae kwon do practitioners. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2004; 44(2):164-72.


Vickers, AJ. Time course of muscle soreness following different types of exercise. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders [Internet]. 2001 [cited 2001 May 31];2(5).

See the following website for more examples:


The language of publication is English. Authors whose primary language is not English are encouraged to seek assistance from an individual that has experience in writing for English language journals.


  • Write the entire manuscript in single space, 12-point Times New Roman font.

  • Indent all paragraphs.

  • Section titles (e.g., “Introduction,” “Results,” “References,” etc. should be bold.

  • Section titles should be in bold with all content words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs) capitalized.

  • Subsections titles (e.g., “Case Study 1,” “Limitations to the Study,” etc. should be in italics.

  • Subsection titles should be italics with only the first word and proper nouns capitalized.


  • Place tables in the text.

  • Number tables consecutively in Arabic numerals.

  • Include a brief title above the table.

  • Explanatory notes (e.g., MAP: mean arterial pressure) should be included after the title.

  • Avoid the use of non-significant decimal places in tabular data.

  • Identify statistical variations such as SD and SEM.

  • All tables must be referred to within the text.


  • Place figures in the text.

  • Number figures consecutively in Arabic numerals.

  • Every figure should include a brief title under the figure.

  • Figures should be presented in color when possible and in jpeg format.

  • All figures must be referred to within the text.

Long Quotes

  • Indent the entire text one inch.

  • Do not use quotation marks.

  • Place the reference number after the final period


Footnotes and endnotes should be used sparingly and only for supplemental information relevant to the main text, but would otherwise interfere with the general readability of the manuscript. Footnotes should be numbered using Arabic numerals and placed at the bottom of the page in which they appear. Additionally, footnotes should not be used for citing texts, since all references should be listed in the Reference section (see above). Manuscripts using endnotes will not be considered for publication.

© 2018 by International Association of Taekwondo Research